Friday, May 22, 2020

An Annotated Bibliography Of Jane Austen s Pride And...

Going Against the Societal Norm in Pride and Prejudice: An Annotated Bibliography Thesis: Throughout the text of Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen challenges gender and social norms in the Georgian Era through the development of Elizabeth Bennet as she interacts with characters in the novel. Greenfield, Susan C. THE ABSENT-MINDED HEROINE: OR, ELIZABETH BENNET HAS †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦A THOUGHT. Eighteenth - Century Studies, vol. 39, no. 3, 2006, pp. 337-350,419-420, †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Arts Humanities Database, †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.http://nclive.org/cgibin/nclsm?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/198642629?account†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.id=13217. â€Å"Susan Greenfield.† FordhamUniversity, 2017, †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦https://www.fordham.edu/info/24106/susan_greenfield This article analyzes the development of Elizabeth Bennet†¦show more content†¦Austen portrayed women as highly-dependent on males. She received her BA at Brown University where she continues to research gender studies while analyzing Eighteenth century novels most importantly Jane Austen. She is the author of many novels regarding gender roles and women’s rights in general. Her articles have been featured in many Eighteenth century journals. Based on her educational background, her knowledge on gender roles in the 18th century is very extensive and very resourceful, so the information listed in the source seems to be accurate. The thesis statement above attempts to examine the role that Elizabeth Bennet plays in the novel as she goes against the women’s idealistic views. This article will help justify my thesis statement in how Greenfield expresses the oppression that women go through and how they lack to see the discrimination they are faced with daily. Kruger, Daniel J., et al. PRIDE AND PREJUDICE OR FAMILY AND FLIRTATION? JANE †¦.AUSTEN S DEPICTION OF WOMEN S MATING STRATEGIES. Philosophy and †¦.Literature, vol. 38, no. 1, 2014, pp. A114-A128, Arts Humanities Database, †¦.http://nclive.org/cgibin/nclsm?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1626357652?accounti†¦.d=13217. â€Å"Daniel J, Kruger.† TheConversation, 2010, https://theconversation.com/profiles/daniel-j-kruger-....342735 This article analyzes the way Austen portrays women in her novels. Kruger mentions that Jane Austen’s work is often deprived by the

Friday, May 8, 2020

Assignment 50 Enable Rights And Choices Of Individuals...

Level 3 Diploma in Health and Social Care (Adults) for England (QCF) Assignment 50: Unit 50: Enable rights and choices of individuals with dementia whilst minimising risks Learning Outcome 1: Understand key legislation and agreed ways of working that support the fulfilment of rights and choices of individuals with dementia while minimising risk of harm 1.1 What is the impact of the Mental Health Act, and the Mental Incapacity Act (Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards) on individuals who are living with the experience of dementia; with regards to minimising the risks of harm whilst at the same time enabling rights and choices for the individual? These acts and safe guards are put in place to prevent vulnerable adults with dementia†¦show more content†¦Living with dementia can be overwhelming, stressful and emotional. There is a lot to take in, appointments and assessments to attend, sorting out what support you are entitled to, care preparation, wishes and preferences. Every day is different and brings a new challenge, depending on how the dementia sufferer is feeling that day, they could be angry, still in shock of the diagnoses, sleep or food deprivation causes fatigue and hunger. Their routine or activities for that day may have been slightly changed causing upset and frustration, e.g. new nurses, GP or carers. There are many types of dementia, causing many different symptoms and treatments, it may take time to find the appropriate treatment/medication to suit the individual. When all the legal stuff is done, help/support is in place you find the individual to be relieved, coping a little better, quality of life is better due to eating and sleeping more. All of these reasons might make a person with dementia fluctuate on day to day decisions. Learning Outcome 3: Be able to involve carers and others in supporting individuals with dementia 3.2 Give an example of where you have balanced the rights and choices requested by an individual living with the experience of dementia to resolve a conflict. My own experience of resolving a conflict whilst balancing the rights and choices of an individual living with

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Cairn Energy Strategic Analysis Free Essays

INTRODUCTION Cairn Energy Plc (â€Å"Cairn†) is an Edinburgh based publicly traded Oil Gas Exploratory Production (EP) company dealing primarily within its operated assets in India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Greenland (Cairn, 2009). Major products sold are crude oil and natural gas, produced from both offshore and onshore drilling blocks (Hoovers, 2009b). Cairn was founded in 1984 by Sir Bill Gammell with initial operations in theUS. We will write a custom essay sample on Cairn Energy Strategic Analysis or any similar topic only for you Order Now Following its IPO in 1988, Cairn is now publicly traded on the London Stock Exchange with 2008 revenues of $299.3 million and operating profit of $440.9 million – due to sales of assets and financing profit (Cairn, 2009). BUSINESS SEGMENTS Cairn’s businesses are divided broadly into two segments namely: Cairn Energy Plc holds a controlling interest of 62.39% in Cairn India. Since its first oil major oil discovery in the Rajasthan fields of 2004, which was the biggest exploratory discovery in India since 1985, Cairn has focused exclusively on the acquisition of oil blocks and continuing exploration in the country (Cairn Financial Report, 2009). Capricorn Oil Group is Cairn’s exploratory division that primarily focuses on the exploration of undiscovered oil fields, and is 90% owned by Cairn. Capricorn’s primary focus is on India and the discovery of new oil fields in the country. However Capricorn currently owns exploratory lease-agreements to 7 oil-blocks in Greenland, which are currently pending regulatory approval for oil production (Cairn Financial Report, 2009). PESTEL The following table is a macro economical analysis of how political, economical, socio-cultural, technological, environmental and legal factors affect the exploration and production (EP) industry. The extent to which these factors affect the EP industry is outlined on a cognitive rating scale from -2 to +2. -2 represents a strong negative effect, while +2 represents a strong positive effect on the EP industry operating within those regions. FACTORSEFFECT ON INDUSTRYLEVEL OF EFFECT Political Governments of oil producing nations are very involved in the exploration and production of oil and gas in their countries (Bindemann, 1999)EP companies would have to subject themselves to government processes in order to gain access to production sharing agreements that enables them to explore and produce oil within their territory (Cairn, 2009)-1 Geopolitical developments and violence in some countries makes it unsuitable and very risky for foreign investments in exploration and production of oil and gas.The industry is subject to risky geopolitical violence, as oil installations are usually terrorist targets (Cairn, 2009). Companies have to pay high insurance premiums in order to secure their investments against such activities.-2 Economical There is increasing competition amongst international governments seeking foreign investments in EP.These industries, especially foreign oil companies, enjoy tax breaks and favourable corporate conditions such as incentives when looking to enter into countries such as India, Nigeria and Bangladesh (Rigzone, 2009)+2 Oil prices are determined by market factors such as the demand and supply in international markets (Proactive Investors, 2009).Inability to determine prices, poses a severe risk especially in times of low oil prices. Higher oil prices however results in greater than normal profits in the EP markets (Cairn, 2009). EP companies posted record profits in 2008 due to oil prices that went as high as $150 per barrel. However the inverse would be the case in the advent of a very low oil price (WSJ, 2009)-1 Socio-Cultural Climate change discoveries have led to a change in lifestyle towards carbon efficient products in most developed countries (Hoovers, 2009)The change in lifestyle indirectly affects EP companies as it may reduce dependence on oil and gas products over the long run.-1 CSR is increasingly becoming a method for large national and multinational companies to appease local communities where they operate (Cairn, 2009).EP companies are not as effective in their CSR policies, in proportion with the level of pollution they create. They are greatly unpopular amongst locals.-2 Technological Innovative exploratory and drilling technology, such as 3d seismic processing, modelling and sophisticated plant designs are increasingly becoming pre-requisites for successful oil drilling (Saic, 2009).These technologies make it easier for EP companies to discover much more oil than they would have decades ago. Thereby increasing the likelihood of oil find, and higher returns on investment in exploration activities (Marketwatch, 2009).+2 Shifting attitude towards energy efficient technologies such as hybrid vehicles, electric and wind technologies are increasingly becoming the norm amongst the global public and the energy industry (Chicago Tribune, 2009).Global oil companies would need to adapt their strategy and start investing in renewable energy resources. EP companies face the threat of a drop in demand for oil and gas, over the coming decades.-1 Environmental Increased exploratory activities and global warming has facilitated oil discovery in previously unexploited territories (Reuters, 2009).Foreign oil companies, investing in new technology and territories like Greenland and India, are in a better position to reap these benefits (Energy Digital, 2009).+2 EP activities result in carbon emissions that pose a serious threat to environmental sustainability.EP companies face embargoes from national governments and international bodies that limit the level of their exploratory activities and the level at which they can expand their activities. They are also subject to extra taxation costs from national governments due to environmental pollution (Herald Scotland, 2009)-2 Legal Oil producing countries in which foreign oil companies operate impose legal limitations and embargoes on their activities, and also limit their business flexibilities.The limitations and embargoes imposed greatly limit the growth potential of exploration and production companies operating globally (Economic Times, 2009).-2 Policy uncertainties and government breach of contract are increasingly becoming popular in some developing countries where foreign oil companies are seeking to build and develop their assets such as India and Bangladesh.EP companies operating in these markets, such as Reliance Industries and Cairn Energy in India, need to engage in legal battles with the government in order to get contractual obligations fulfilled (Economic Times, 2009).-2 SUCCESS AND SURVIVAL FACTORS IN THE EP INDUSTRY The overall threat to the exploration and production industry, as a whole, is huge globally. Therefore any company in the industry seeking to gain competitive advantage against competitors, and survive in times of hardship – which may be caused by a drastic drop in oil prices, or severe terrorist activities – must adhere to these success and survival factors. KEY FACTORS FOR SUCCESS Government support through international trade agreements, tax incentives, beneficial fiscal policies, and suitable bidding processes are very essential for foreign oil companies seeking to explore and produce oil (Datamonitor, 2009). These benefits give these companies the impetus to explore for oil in recently unexplored territory, and increase the likelihood of an oil and gas find. EP projects are usually very capital intensive; therefore oil and gas companies need to have access to funds in order to partake in such expenditure (The New Nation, 2009). These funds usually range from a few millions to a couple of billion dollars, therefore access and availability is thoroughly essential for bidding, drilling, production or even transportation activities. Strategic alliances between oil and gas companies are essential globally as it enables them to transfer assets and leverage resources amongst different projects, so as to capitalize on a broader geographical location and resource base (Hoovers, 2009b). The competitive rivalry in the EP industry is therefore minimal by the need for these strategic alliances, enabling competing companies to hedge and share risks. Successful oil discoveries are however the main determinants of success for EP companies (Datamonitor, 2009). Non-oil bearing blocks are highly unprofitable for exploration companies. India and Greenland, where Cairn currently has the majority of its assets are poised to be largely promising countries, as major oil discoveries and production have already been reported. Greenland is also stated to contain 20% of the world’s oil reserves thereby making it a very profitable investment for Cairn and other indigenous oil companies, if that assumption holds true. The global forces of demand and supply determine oil prices, therefore oil prices move in accordance to global need. Higher oil prices, such as was in 2008, was very beneficial for oil companies as it significantly increases their profit margins and leads to increased exploratory activities (Wall Street Journal, 2009). The Availability of buyers is essential for EP companies seeking to produce oil in large quantities and sell at a profitable price. Sometimes the government determines the buyers who an EP company can sell to, such as is in India, and this reduces their chances for competitive bargaining. Exploratory licenses are wholly dependent on EP companies successfully bidding for leasing agreements (Bindemann, 1999). Inability to win leasing contracts would incapacitate the growth potential of the industry. Profitability of EP activities is dependent on the success rate of new oil wells drilled and the ability to increase production from existing wells. Capital availability and investment decisions are based on estimates on future oil prices (Hoovers, 2009). Large oil manufacturers usually hedge against risk of exploration failures by investment in several oil producing states with large oil reserves, so a depletion of one reserve does not seriously impact on the company’s general business (Hoovers, 2009b). SURVIVAL FACTORS Continuous availability of oil and gas resources in the natural reserves of the country being explored. The availability and access to large capital, though also a success factor, is a survival factor. EP companies that are unable to form strategic alliances or gain access to large funds would be incapacitated during large capital-intensive projects that could boost their fortunes. They also need capital in order to gain exploration licenses from the government, before they could even begin producing or shipping oil or gas. Lack of detrimental geopolitical factors such as terrorist activities that specifically target oil and gas installations in their vicinities. An example would be of exploration companies that are usually being subject to local terrorist activities in Nigeria, Iraq and Bangladesh. High oil prices in global markets, which would ensure that exploration and production companies, investing a huge amount of capital in their businesses, would be able to break even as the oil prices in international markets determines the profit they make as businesses. Prolonged global dependence on oil and gas products would ensure that demand for these products are still high. A divergence towards renewable energy source such as solar, wind and biological energy would reduce global dependence on non-renewable petroleum products, thereby stalling demand for such products in coming decades. Adopting technologies that would make exploration and production processes more environmentally efficient would go a long way in appeasing international bodies who are bent upon imposing several climate related levies and taxies on the EP industry. These taxes and levies would severely impact profits and growth potential into new markets such as Greenland, which is bent on preserving its ecosystem. REFERENCES ABC News (2008) Greenland the focus of global oil hunt, www.abc.net.au, (date accessed 07/10/2009) Bindemann, K. (1999) Production-Sharing Agreements: An Economic Analysis. Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. WPM 25 Cairn Financial Report (2009), Half-Yearly Report 2009, www.cairnenergy.com/investors, (accessed 08/10/2009) Cairn (2009) Cairn: About Us, www.cairnenergy.com/aboutus, (accessed: 06/10/2009) Chicago Tribune (2009) Cheap oil, but at what cost www.chicagotribune.com/features, (date accessed 06/10/2009) Datamonitor (2009) Oil Gas Exploration Production Industry Profile: Global, www.esbscohost.net, (accessed 08/10/2009) Economic Times (2009) India’s Oil and Gas story – The turning point, www.blogs.economictimes.com, (date accessed 07/10/2009) EnergyDigital (2008a) Cairn Energy to lead commercial oil production inGreenland. www.energydigital.com, (date accessed 8/10/2009) EnergyDigital (2008b) Chevron and Cairn sign with Bangladesh. www.energydigital.com, (date accessed 8/10/2009) Herald Scotland (2009) Profitable oil deal by Cairn subsidiary boost shares,www.heraldscotland.com, (date accessed 08/10/2009) Hindustan Times (2009) – Deora to review safety of Oil and Gas sites, www.hindustantimes.com, (accessed 09/10/2009) Hoovers (2009a) Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Industry, www.hoovers.com, (date accessed: 06/10/2009) Hoovers (2009b) – Cairn Energy Plc, www.hoovers.com (date accessed 06/10/2009) Marketwatch (2009) Cairn Energy swings to loss after charge, MarketWatch:Energy, Oct2009, Vol. 8 Issue 10, p10-11, 2p Proactive Investors UK (2009) Crude Oil Rebounds, Dragon Oil, Petrofac andCairn respond. www.proactiveinvestors.co.uk, (date accessed 08/10/2009) Reuters (2009) India expects joint foreign/local energy bids. www.in.reuters.com, (date accessed: 7/10/2009) Rigzone (2009) Tough time for India Licensing Round, www.rigzone.com,(accessed 09/10/2009) Saic (2009) Exploration Production. www.saic.com/energy. (date accessed:08/10/2009) Wall Street Journal (2009) Lower costs give oil firms breathing room, www.online.wsj.com, (date accessed 07/10/2009) How to cite Cairn Energy Strategic Analysis, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Surrealism Essays - Dada, Art Movements, Modern Artists,

Surrealism pure psychic automatism intended to express the true process of thought free from the exercise of reason and from any aesthetic or moral purpose mister sands / hmw oao jem coones art to the observer is an obsession art to the artist is an addiction few groups in the 20th century have been as influential as the surrealists. surrealism came at a time of dramatic upheaval, both historically and culturally, and grew to encompass all forms of art, wether it be drama, literature, painting, photography or cinema. indeed, their influence was so great that echoes of the breakthroughs made by such seers as breton, artaud, man ray, and dali can still be heard today. surrealism rose from the ashes of the defunct dada movement -- which itself was an inhuman artistic reaction against the inhuman world of world war one. as with all movements motivated by rage, dada burned out quickly, and many of it's leaders -- notably andre breton -- went on to embrace the new surrealist movement. disillusioned by on one hand "the cold and insubstantial remains of art and literature, and on the other the scorching analytical specifications of the exact sciences," surrealists were dedicated to, in breton's words "pure psychic automatism intended to express the true process of thought free from the exercise of reason and from any aesthetic or moral purpose". as strongly influenced by the psychoanalytical ideas of freud, which at that time were gaining prominence, as it was by the deconstructionalism of dada, surrealism emerged as an organized movement at the beginning of the 1920's, a period marked by "the confused and inert stupefaction of a collective bourgeois existence dedicated to nothing less than the mustiness of the balance sheet." surrealism emerged not just as a reaction to this bourgeois complacency, but as an attempt to create art that was closer to the reality of human existence. in every form, surrealism succeeded admirably in obtaining this goal, as can be plainly seen from the works of their greatest members: antonin artaud, man ray, and salvador dali. any study of 20th century theatre and literature would be incomplete without mention of antonin artaud, the man who revolutionized the very concept of theatre. in the pages of his incredibly influential 1937 treatise the theatre and it's double, artaud aimed to transform the stage into a "sacred ground", wherein the emotions and fury of both the performers and audience could somehow be purged. this concept of theatre as a religious act, dubbed the "theatre of cruelty", was without doubt his highest achievement, but he is also well known for his poetry and essays, particularly van gogh the man suicided by society -- a stunning indictment of a society that destroys it's most exquisite and ethereal talent. the art of photography is a relatively new one, and given the surrealists' hatred of the "old and outdated", it was only natural for them to dabble in this new medium. although a number of photographers achieved great success (names such as brassai spring to mind), the most successful was surely man ray, who, aside from his fascinating character studies, mastered the complex surrealist concept of the poetic image -- a principle best described by the visionary surrealist-before-his-time lautreamont, who spoke of "the accidental meeting of an umbrella and an accordion on the operating table". man ray juxtaposed such diverse objects as guns and lightbulbs, nudes and alphabet blocks, to create a new logic that was the essence of surrealism. while man ray's photography may have expressed the truest vision of surrealism, for most people the movement is defined by one man, the illustrious catelan; salvador dali. through acclaimed mainly for his paintings -- his style must surely be one of the most distinctive and recognizable of all artists -- dali also produced a number of books of both essays and poetry, a single novel entitled hidden faces, and the film in collaboration with luis bunuel that took breton's statement that "the simplest surrealist act consists of dashing into the street, pistol in hand, and firing blindly, as fast as you can pull the trigger, into the crowd" to task. the film, un chien andalou, caused a riot at it's premiere -- due in part to the drunken antics of, among others, dali and artaud -- and heralded other surrealist films such as artaud's 1924 masterpiece, the clergymen and the seashell. dali's name was to become synonymous with art that shocks, disturbs, and challenges perceptions. works such as the persistence of memory, sleep, and autumn cannibalism are

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Triangles on SAT Math Geometry Strategies and Practice Problems

Triangles on SAT Math Geometry Strategies and Practice Problems SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Triangle questions account for less than 10% of all SAT math questions. That being said, you still want to get those questions right, so you should be prepared to know every kind of triangle: right triangles, isosceles triangles, isosceles right triangles- the SAT could test you on any one of them. Since triangle problems only account for a small percent of the SAT math questions, you shouldn’t spend all of your study time on triangles. This article should be all you need to prepare you to tackle SAT triangle questions. I'll let you know the types of triangles that will show up on the SAT, their formulas, and the strategies you’ll need to apply when approaching a triangle question. I’ll also break down SAT math practice questions and explain how to knock triangle questions out of the park. What Are Triangles? First, let’s talk basics. A triangle is a flat figure made up of three straight lines that connect together at three angles. The sum of these angles is 180 °. Each of the three sides of a triangle is called a â€Å"leg† of the triangle, and the longest leg of a right triangle is called the â€Å"hypotenuse.† The angle opposite the hypotenuse will always be 90 °, the largest of the three angles. As we look at the many different types, you'll notice that many categories of triangles will be subsets of other categories of triangles and the definitions will continue to narrow. Special Triangles There are several different kinds of special triangles, all of which commonly appear on the SAT. In this section, we will define and describe all the different kinds of triangles you’ll see on the test. In the next section, we will go through all the formulas you’ll need to know for your SAT triangle problems, as well as how to use them. Equilateral Triangles An equilateral triangle is a triangle that has three equal legs and three equal angles. Though the leg measurements can be anything (so long as they are all equal), the angle measurements must all equal 60 °. Why? Because a triangle’s angles must always total 180 °, and ${180}/{3}=60$. Let's take a look at these types of triangles in action. NOTE: this question is a modified old SAT question in the style of the new SAT. In the figure above, triangle ABC is inscribed in the circle with center O and diameter AC. If $\ov{AB}=\ov{AO}$, what is the degree measure of∠ ABO? (A) 15 ° (B) 30 ° (C) 45 ° (D) 60 ° Answer Explanation: We are told that two of the side lengths of the circle are equal, and we must find an unknown angle, ∠ ABO. If you are familiar with your circles, then you know that any and all radii of a circle are equal. Lines $\ov{AO}$ and $\ov{OB}$ are both radii of the circle, so they must be equal. This means that all three legs of the circle BOA- lines $\ov {AO}$, $\ov {OB}$, and $\ov {BA}$- are equal. And we know that having three equal legs of a triangle means we have an equilateral triangle. We also know that equilateral triangles have three equal inner angles, all of which are 60 degrees. This means that angle ABO is 60 degrees. Our final answer is D, 60 °. Isosceles Triangles An isosceles triangle is a triangle in which two sides and two angles are equal. The sides opposite equal angles will always be equal, and the angles opposite equal sides will always be equal. This knowledge will often lead you to the correct answers for many SAT questions in which it seems you are given very little information. Answer Explanation: Since the question tells you that $180−z=2y$ and $y=75$, we know that $180−z=(2)(75)$ and solving that gives you $z=30$. If $z=30$, then each of the base angles of the isosceles triangle on the right must measure 75 °(${180−30}/{2}$). Therefore, the angle marked $x °$ is $180 °Ã¢Ë†â€™75 °=105 °$, and so the value of $x$ is 105. The answer is 105. Right Triangles A right triangle is a triangle in which one of the angles measures 90 ° (90 ° is a right angle). This means that the sum of the other two angles must be 90 ° as well since a triangle’s angles always add up to 180 °. Special Right Triangles There are many different kinds of right triangles and some are considered â€Å"special.† These are triangles that have set angles or side lengths and formulas to correspond with them. Understanding these types of triangles (and their formulas) will save you a significant amount of time on triangle questions. We'll go through the formulas that correspond to these types of triangles in the next section, but for now, let’s go through their definitions. Isosceles Right Triangle An isosceles right triangle is just what it sounds like- a right triangle in which two sides and two angles are equal. Though the side measurements may change, an isosceles triangle will always have one 90 ° angle and two 45 ° angles. (Why? Because a right triangle has to have one 90 ° angle by definition and the other two angles must add up to 90 °. So ${90}/{2}=45$. 30-60-90 Triangles A 30-60-90 triangle is a special right triangle defined by its angles. It is a right triangle due to its 90 ° angle, and the other two angles must be 30 ° and 60 °. It's also half of an equilateral triangle. As I mentioned earlier, an equilateral triangle has three equal angles all measuring 60 °. If you attached another 30-60-90 triangle to this one (along the leg opposite the 60 °), you'd have an equilateral triangle with all angles measuring 60 °. 3-4-5, and 5-12-13 Right Triangles 3-4-5 and 5-12-13 triangles are special right triangles defined by their side lengths. The numbers 3-4-5 and 5-12-13 describe the lengths of the triangle’s legs, meaning that, when you have a right triangle with one leg length 4 and with a hypotenuse length 5, then you automatically know that the third leg equals 3. Any consistent multiples of these numbers will also work the same way. So a right triangle could have leg lengths of: 3(1)-4(1)-5(1) = 3-4-5 3(2)-4(2)-5(2) = 6-8-10 3(3)-4(3)-5(3) = 9-12-15 And so on. These are considered â€Å"special† right triangles because all of their sides are integers. Recognize this handsome fellow? Because Pythagoras is here to impart his triangle wisdom. Triangle Formulas Now that you know what all your triangles will look like, let’s go through how to find missing variables and information about them. This is the box of formulas you will be given on every SAT math section. Though all the formulas you’ll need to know for triangles are all included, you must understand how and why these formulas work as well as when to use them. It will also save you time and effort to memorize these rather than flipping back and forth between the problem and the formula box. So memorize your formulas if possible and read below to see what these formulas mean and how to use them. All the formula boxes in the world aren’t worth the paper they’re printed on if you don’t know how to apply them when solving your problems. All Triangles Some formulas apply to all triangles while other formulas only apply to special triangles. So let's first look at the triangle formulas that apply to any and all types of triangles. Area $$a= {1}/{2}bh$$ b is the base of the triangle, which is the length of any one of the triangle’s legs. h is the height of a triangle, found by drawing a straight line (at a 90 ° angle) from the base of the triangle to the opposite angle from the base. This means that, in a right triangle, the height is the length of the leg that meets at a 90 ° angle to the base. In a non-right triangle, you must create a new line for your height. Perimeter p=l1+l2+l3 Just like with any other kind of plane geometry figure, the perimeter of a triangle is the sum of its outer sides (the triangle’s three legs). Right Triangles There are also formulas that apply to right triangles and to specific types of right triangles. Let's take a look. Pythagorean Theorem a2+b2=c2 The Pythagorean theorem allows you to find the side lengths of a right triangle by using the lengths of its other sides. a and b signify the shorter legs of the triangle while c is always the leg opposite the 90 ° angle (the hypotenuse). 3-4-5 and 5-12-13 triangles (and their multiples) are special because you do not need to work through the Pythagorean Theorem in order to find the side measures of the third length (though, of course, you always can). Remember, if one side of a right triangle is 8 and its hypoteneuse is 10, then you automatically know the third side is 6. Trigonometric Formulas: Sine and Cosine Trigonometry makes up less than 5% of all math questions, but you won't be able to answer any trigonometry questions correctly without knowing trigonometry formulas. Check out our trigonometry guide to learn all the formulas you need to know and to learn how to apply the formulas to SAT math questions (Coming Soon!). Isosceles Right Triangle x, x, x√2 Though you can find the missing side lengths of an isosceles triangle using the Pythagorean theorem, you can also take a shortcut and say that the equal side lengths are each x, and the hypotenuse is $x√2$. Why does this work? Well, think about an isosceles triangle with a leg length of 6. We know the second leg must also equal 6 because the two legs are equal in an isosceles triangle. And we can also find the hypotenuse using the Pythagorean theorem because it is a right triangle. So: 62+62=c2 36+36=c2 72=c2 $$c = √72$$ $c = √36 * √2$ (Why were we able to split up our root this way? Check out our guide to SAT advanced integers and its section on roots if this process is unfamiliar to you.) $c = 6√2$ So, we are left with side lengths of 6, 6, and $6√2$. Or, in other words, our side lengths are x,x, and $x√2$. 30-60-90 Triangle $$x, x√3, 2x$$ Just like with an isosceles right triangle, a 30-60-90 triangle has side lengths that are dictated by a set of rules. Again, you can find these lengths with the Pythagorean theorem, but you can also always find them using the rule: $x, x√3, 2x$, where x is the side opposite 30 °, $x√3$ is the side opposite 60 °, and 2x is the side opposite 90 °. This knowledge can help you find the lengths of sides when given a more complex triangle problem. Studious!Dog is proud of your studiousness right now. (So much studious.) Typical Triangle Questions Let’s look at some of the standard types of question in each category. NOTE: the question examples provided are not from official SAT tests since the newly redesigned SAT doesn't start until March 2016. These questions have been taken from College Board new SAT practice tests or adapted from other College Board study materials for the new SAT. #1: Finding Missing Values Most triangle problems will fall into this category- you will be asked to find a missing angle, an area, a perimeter, or a side length (among other things) based on given information. Some of these questions will be more complicated than others, but the SAT will always provide you will enough information to solve a problem, so it’s up to you to put the clues together. Let’s walk through an example question of this type: Note: Figure not drawn to scale. In the figure above, line m is parallel to line n, line d is perpendicular to line n, and line e intersects line m and line n. What is the length of x? Answer Explanation: Since line d and line e intersect at C, ACB and ∠ DCE are vertical angles, and therefore they are equal in measure. Since line m is parallel to line n, ∠ DEC and ∠ CAB are alternate interior angles of parallel lines cut by a transversal, and so the measures of ∠ DEC and ∠ CAB are equal. By the angle-angle theorem, triangle ABC is similar to triangle EDC with vertices A, B, and C corresponding to vertices E, D, and C, respectively. Also, triangle EDC is a right triangle, so you can use either the Pythagorean theorem or your knowledge of 3-4-5 right triangles to find that the hypotenuse is 5. Since triangle ABC is similar to triangle EDC, the ratios of the lengths of corresponding sides of the two triangles are the same so ${CD}/{BC}={3}/{5}={DE}/{AB}={4}/{x}$. Solving for $x$, we get $3x=20$. Therefore, $x={20}/{3}$. #2: Ratios and (In)Equalities These kinds of questions will generally ask you to either find the ratios between parts of different triangles or will ask you whether or not certain sides or angles of triangles are equal or unequal. Answer Explanation: Angles ABE and DBC are vertical angles (meaning they are pairs of opposite angles made by two intersecting lines), and, therefore, they have the same measure. Since segment AE is parallel to segment CD, angles A and D are of the same measure by the alternate interior angle theorem. Since all angles are equal in triangles ABE and DBC, triangle ABE is similar to triangle DBC, with vertices A, B, and E matching up to vertices D, B, and C, respectively. Therefore, Solving this you get CB = 4, and so CE = CB + BE = 4 + 8 =12. #3: Multi-Shape or Shapes Within Shapes As you can see from earlier examples, some of the triangle problems on the SAT will involve multiple triangles (or other geometric shapes) combined together. This technique for presenting problems is designed to challenge your understanding of lines and angles as well as triangles. For these types of problems, you must use the information you are given and solve for more information down the line until you find exactly what you need. It’s essentially a domino effect of problem-solving. Answer Explanation: The question tells you that ∠ AEB and ∠ CDB have the same measure. Since ∠ ABE and ∠ CBD are vertical angles (meaning they are pairs of opposite angles made by two intersecting lines), they have the same measure. Triangle EAB is similar to triangle DCB because the triangles have two pairs of congruent corresponding angles (angle-angle criterion for similarity of triangles). Since the triangles are similar, the corresponding sides are in the same proportion: $${CD}/{x}={BD}/{EB}$$ Substituting the given values of 800 for CD, 700 for BD, and 1400 for EB in ${CD}/{x}={BD}/{EB}$ gives ${800}/{x}={700}/{1400}$ Therefore, $x={(800)(1400)}/{700}=1600$. The final answer is 1600. #4: Variables and Combination Variables Finally, triangle problems that involve multiple variables (or only variables) in both the problem and the answer are usually located somewhere in the last three questions of any SAT math section. This means they are some of the most challenging types of math problems for the majority of students. The good news is that there are many different ways to solve these types of problems and that a little time, organization, and creativity will almost always get you to your correct answer. Considering these kinds of problems involve multiple variables, it is probably a good idea to check out the strategy of plugging in numbers if you haven’t done so already. This is a great technique to use if you are hesitant about the geometry and/or the algebra, or simply if multiple integers bother you. Let’s take a look at an example problem of this type and the various methods of solving it. Which of the following expresses $z$ in terms of $x$ and $y$? (A) $2x+3y−180$ (B) $x+2y−180$ (C) $180−x−y$ (D) $360−2x−3y$ As you can see, this is a triangle problem that uses multiple variables and so is a bit complicated. Let’s look at all our options for solving the question: Solving Method 1: Plug in our own numbers On most any occasion in which you are given several variables in the question or in the answer options, a sure-fire technique you can use is the one of plugging in your own numbers. (For more on this strategy, check out our guide to plugging in numbers.) We are given the variables $x$ and $y$ and told to find $z$. So let us choose some values for $x$ and $y$ that seem appropriate and use them to find $z$. Let us just say that $x=60$ and $y=70$. Why those numbers? Why not! Because the angles of a triangle always add up to 180 °, we can find the missing values in our two bottom triangles by saying: $$180−60−70=50$$ This means we can also find the value of the missing angle in our top triangle because we know that a straight line must also equal 180 °. So: $$180−50−50=80$$ Which means we can finally find the value of z by saying that: $$z=180−80−70$$ $$z=30$$ Now, let us use the same values for $x$ and $y$ that we used in our problem to find which answer choice (or choices) gets us $z=30$. Answer choice A gives us: $$2x+3y−180$$ Which, when we replace our variables, is: $$2(60)+3(70)−180$$ $$120+210−180$$ $$150$$ We are looking for an answer to match $z=30$, so this is far too large. We can eliminate answer choice A. Let us try answer choice B: $$x+2y−180$$ $$60+2(70)−180$$ $$60+140−180$$ $$20$$ This answer still does not equal 30, so we can eliminate answer choice B. Answer choice C says: $$180−x−y$$ But we already know that this is 50 and not 30, as we used this equation to find the missing components of our triangles earlier (180−60−70). We can eliminate choice C. By process of elimination, answer choice D must be correct. But let us double-check to be sure. $$360−2x−3y$$ $$360−2(60)−3(70)$$ $$360−120−210$$ $$30$$ Success! We have found an answer choice (and only one answer choice) that matches what we found for $z$. Our final answer is D. Solving Method 2: Algebraic approach Alternatively, we could have found our answer using pure algebra and the properties of triangles, instead of filling in our own numbers. To do so, we would essentially be repeating the process we used to find our missing variables from above, but keeping the variables intact. Each of the three triangles we are focusing on would all add up to 180 °. We have three different triangles and three missing angles, so their equations would look like: $$180−x−y$$ $$180−x−y$$ $$180−y−z$$ We know that all of those equations will find us one of the three unmarked angles. We also know that those three angles add up to 180 °. (Why? Because they lie on a straight line, and a straight line equals 180 °.) So when we add the equations together and set them equal to 180 °, we get: $$(180−x−y)+(180−x−y)+(180−y−z)=180$$ $$540−2x−3y−z=180$$ $$−2x−3y−z=−360$$ $$−z=−360+2x+3y$$ $$z=360−2x−3y$$ So again, our final answer is D. (Note: there is a third- and even faster- way to solve this problem that involves quadrilaterals. Check out our guide to SAT polygons for more info!) Though there are many different types of triangle problems on the SAT, they tend to stand out from the crowd. How to Solve a Triangle Question Triangle questions are as numerous (comprising nearly 10% of the entire SAT math section) as they are varied. Because of this, it is difficult to break down one exact path for problem-solving triangle questions. That said, your greatest assets and strategies when solving triangle problems will be to: #1: Use Your Formulas (and Take Your Short-Cuts) Using your formulas is the absolute most crucial step for any triangle problem. And, considering that most of your formulas essentially act as short-cuts (why bother solving with the Pythagorean theorem when you know that the legs of a 30-60-90 triangle are $x, x√3, 2x$?), you will save yourself a great deal of time and energy when you can keep your formulas on hand and in order. #2: When Working With Multi-Shapes, Break It into Small Steps Remember that dealing with a multi-shape triangle problem is like working with dominoes. Each successive piece of information makes way for finding the next piece of information. Don’t get intimidated by the idea that you don’t have enough information or that there are too many shapes or lines to deal with. You will always have enough data to go on- just focus on finding one shape and one piece of information at a time, and the dominoes will fall into place. #3: Draw It Out Draw your own diagrams if you are given none. Draw on top of your diagrams when you are given pictures. Write in your givens and all the measurements you find along the way to your missing variable (or variables), and mark congruent lines and angles. The more you can clarify your diagrams, the less likely you’ll be to make careless errors in misplacing or confusing your numbers and equalities. #4: Plug in Your Own Numbers Whenever Possible Finally, give yourself a break from dealing with variables and complex algebra if you need to. It can be far too easy to make a mistake when dealing with variables alone, so if you have the time to spare, go for plugging in your own numbers! You have more information and strategies at your disposal than you think. Just keep them on hand and organized in your head and you'll be set. Test Your Knowledge Now let's test your triangle knowledge on more, SAT math problems. NOTE: these questions are not official SAT math section questions (since the newly redesigned SAT debuts in March 2016). These questions were taken from College Board practice tests for the new SAT or adapted from other new SAT practice questions and old SAT questions. 1) Note: Figure not drawn to scale. In the figure above, a regular polygon with 8 sides has been divided into 8 congruent isosceles triangles by line segments drawn from the center of the polygon to its vertices. What is the value of x? Answer Explanation: The sum of the measures of the angles around a point is 360 °. Since the 8 triangles are congruent, the measures of each of the 8 angles are the same. Therefore, the measure of each is ${360 °}/{8}=45 °$. In any triangle, the measure of the interior angles is 180 °. So in each triangle, the sum of the measures of the remaining two angles is $180 °-45 °=135 °$. Since the triangles are isosceles, the measures of the two angles are the same. Therefore, the measure of each of these angles is ${135 °}/{2}=67.5 °$. 2) Note: Figure not drawn to scale. In triangle ABC above, $AB=AC$, E is the midpoint of $\ov{AB}$, and D is the midpoint of $\ov{AC}$. If $AE = x$, and $ED = 4$, what is the length of BC? (A) 6 (B) 8 (C) $2x$ (D) $4x$ Answer Explanation: As always, let us first fill in our given information. Now, though it may not look it, we are told that E is the midpoint of line AB. This means that, if segment AE is worth $x$, then segment EB is also worth $x$. This also means that the entire length AB will, therefore, be worth $x+x=2x$. So let us set up a proportion. Leg AE will be to its base, ED, as the leg AB will be to its base, BC. So: $${AE}/{ED}:{AB}/{BC}$$ $${x}/{4}:{2x}/{BC}$$ $$8x=BCx$$ $$8=BC$$ Our final answer is B, BC = 8. 3) Note: Figure not drawn to scale. Two isosceles triangles are shown above. If $180−x=3y$ and $y=20$, what is the value of z? Answer Explanation: Since the question tells you that $180−x=3y$ and $y=20$, then $180−x=60$ (since $3y=60$), and solving that gives you $x=120$. If $x=120$, then each of the base angles of the isosceles triangle on the right must measure 30 ° ($180−{120}/{2}$). Therefore, the angle marked $z °$ is $180 °Ã¢Ë†â€™30 °=150 °$, and so the value of z is 150. The answer is 150. We think you've earned a break, don't you? The Take-Aways Triangles will show up, without fail, at least a few times on every single SAT (usually in about 1 to 3 problems). The good news is that you will be given multiple formulas to aid you through these types of questions, but the drawback is that the test is timed, and so you should only waste time going to your formula box if you are all out of options. Know your definitions, try to memorize your formulas, and do your best to keep a clear head as you go through your test. And, as always, practice, practice, practice! The more experience you get in solving the variety of triangle questions the SAT can think to put in front of you, the better off you’ll be in slaying those triangle problems. What’s Next? Now that you've done your paces on your triangles, it's time to make sure you are prepared for all the math topics you'll see on the SAT. All of our math guides will take you through strategies and practice problems for all the topics covered on the math section, from integers, to ratios, circles to polygons (and more!). Feeling anxious about test day? Make sure you know exactly what to do and bring to ease your mind and settle your nerves before it's time to take your SAT. Running out of time on the SAT math section? Look no further than our guide to help you beat the clock and maximize your SAT math score. Angling to get a perfect score? Check out our guide to getting a perfect 800, written by a perfect-scorer. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points? Check out our best-in-class online SAT prep classes. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your SAT score by 160 points or more. Our classes are entirely online, and they're taught by SAT experts. If you liked this article, you'll love our classes. Along with expert-led classes, you'll get personalized homework with thousands of practice problems organized by individual skills so you learn most effectively. We'll also give you a step-by-step, custom program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Try it risk-free today:

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

10 Powerful Habits for Career Success

10 Powerful Habits for Career Success Every day, we’re inundated with information about how to become our best selves†¦and too often there’s a price tag attached. Take this seminar! Buy this energy drink! Wear this power outfit! There’s seemingly no end to the number of things we can buy and use to make ourselves wealthier or more successful. Now, I don’t want to say those products are all bunk (and for the low, low price of $299.95, you can take my seminar on why all other success-promising products are terrible), but†¦they’re kinda bunk. You actually already have a lot of the tools you need to become more successful and productive. Or at least you can pick them up and develop them, with no additional cost to you and yours. The changes to make your day more effective and productive start with you, like any good changes. Basically, some of the habits that can make you more successful are already within your grasp†¦you just need to figure out how to work them in throughout your day.1. Morning Habits2. Workday Habits3. Anytime HabitsMorning HabitsBecoming a morning person can have great benefits for your health and motivation overall. If you’re already a morning person, you probably just have to make a couple of tweaks to your routine here and there to maximize the benefits. If you’re not a morning person, well, now’s as good a time as any to start becoming one!1. Get up earlier.I hear that groan from some of you, and I sympathize- I too am a snooze button enthusiast. But adjusting your wake-up routine by just 30 minutes  (or ideally, an hour) will make it feel like there really are more hours in the day. It has the benefit of easing you into the day without feeling rushed, and allows for more time to do things like #2 and #3 (spoiler alert). â€Å"I’m gonna wake up earlier every day† is easier said than done, so here are some ways you can actually get to the â€Å"doing† phase:Stop hitting the â€Å"snooze † button. The snooze button almost always leads to overestimating how much time you have before you really need to get up and go.Find an alarm clock you can’t ignore. Like one that runs away from you. Or an app that nudges you awake at the optimal time in your sleep phase. It can be as simple as a phone or radio alarm set to music you dislike, so that you have an incentive to get up and shut it off†¦and while you’re up, you might as well start moving, no?2. Eat a good breakfast.Your parents and Saturday morning cartoons were right on this one†¦a healthy, balanced breakfast primes your brain and your body for a busy day.3. Work out in the morning.If you don’t have time for a trip to the gym, you can do other things, like lengthening Fido’s morning walk, or taking a few extra minutes to do yoga. Think of it as an extra jolt to get your body in motion so it stays in motion for the day.Workday HabitsThese are especially crucial at work, but yo u may find yourself applying them to other daily habits and routines as well.4. Stop procrastinating.You can do this later, but will you? Admitting you have a problem is the first step to recovery, and in this case that means acknowledging that this task will be put off until tomorrow, and then probably Friday, and then after that who knows. Even if no one’s watching or especially cares about this task getting done, you do. It’s important to set and keep your own deadlines.5. Don’t get caught in a downtime vortex.We all need breaks sometimes- that’s non-negotiable for anyone who wants to maintain sanity, or give their eyes a break from staring at screens incessantly. Managing those breaks more efficiently will help tune up your day.For example, if that personal email check slides into a peek at your fantasy baseball team, then a Twitter conversation with your college roommate, and then maybe a bathroom break, it can be tough to get back on task. Charley M endoza at Keepinspiring.me recommends a 15-minute trick to keep a two-minute break from sliding into a 30-minute break in productivity: â€Å"Next time you don’t feel like working, keep calm and use the Force. And by that, I mean, force yourself to work for just 15 minutes then see what happens. Usually, those 15 minutes will be enough to give you some momentum.†It can help to have mini agendas for your breaks†¦for example, have two or three specific social media breaks during the day where you peek at Facebook doings quickly, then go back to your main task at hand. The next break can be the check of your baseball team, to see if you really should play that center fielder, then go back to the task at hand. Free-form breaks can get dangerous to all things productive, so it’s good to have a quick in-and-out plan so that you can get back to work before inertia sets in.6. Stay informed.This goes for the world in general (maybe work in some news breaks alongside the social media ones), but especially on matters that directly affect you, your company, or your industry. It can be as simple as following a few influential people in your field on social media, and doing a quick daily check to see what they’re discussing.Also, read more in general. Current events, magazines, novels about teenage werewolves in love, biographies of famous First Ladies†¦the subject matter and format don’t matter as much as cultivating a habit of daily reading. Superman entrepreneur Elon Musk is rumored to have read four hours a day when he was younger, but that seems a bit excessive for most people with busy lives. If you have a train or bus commute, that’s a way to work in a few minutes of reading. It can also be a nightly ritual, just 15 minutes before you go to bed. It’s all about finding a few minutes to decompress and read about something outside of your own perspective.7. Find a way to decompress when stress is high.If you sta rt from a place where you feel frazzled and stressed out, your day is not likely to improve from there. However, stress will almost always come into play in your work life at some point, no matter what you do. So how can you reconcile those? Work on compartmentalizing, and developing small ways to alleviate that stress at work. Meditation is a good way to stop everything from swirling around your head or your desk for a moment. And in fact, it turns out that the workplace may be one of the best places to meditate, because it has the potential for immediate benefits. Here are three basic meditations to get you started, and help you get back to a less stressed spot where you feel more ready to tackle the rest of the day.Anytime HabitsEven when you’re not technically working, keep working on  yourself. The benefits will seep into all parts of your life: personal and professional.8. Keep moving.A sedentary day can be one of the biggest energy sucks around, especially if you go from desk chair to couch. Throughout your day, try to get up and take a short walk in between tasks, or try some office yoga to get your body in the game. At home, get up and do something small (a chore, a trip upstairs, playing with your pet iguana) in between episodes during a Netflix binge. Again, as with the morning exercise, it’s not what you do so much as that you’re moving and keeping your mind and body alert.9. Prioritize your health.Making conscious choices about what you eat, and how/when you exercise is a great start, but this also means doing a lot of basic maintenance: like regular check ups, using stress relief methods when you need them, and actually taking sick days when you really just need a day to heal up and watch some daytime TV while you sniffle. Trying to plow through discomfort, pain, or illness is going to knock you off your game, and taking the time and effort to make sure you’re present and healthy is a big contributor to everyday succ ess.10. Say yes more often.Maybe not to everything that comes along, but when you find yourself about to say â€Å"no† to doing something (taking on a new task, trying something different), ask yourself why that is. If saying yes wouldn’t hurt you or cause hardship, and could very well lead to you experiencing and enjoying something different, then be bold and change your answer. [via Giphy]These are all pretty manageable, no? And there’s no need to be a hero and introduce all of them at once. Find the ones that work well with your routines, and start there. Small steps, small wins = big results as you get more comfortable making changes to your routine.

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Economics Analysis when Chicken food price is going up Term Paper

Economics Analysis when Chicken food price is going up - Term Paper Example The intersection point of the demand and supply curves is called the equilibrium point (Thomas & Maurice 2008). In the given scenario, there is an increase in the input cost for products made from chicken. The input costs are higher as the chicken feed price goes up. There are certain input costs and the increase in their prices results in a reduction of the supply of the products in which they are used. An increase in input cost causes the supply curve to move towards left. In other words, an increase in input costs reduces the overall profit to the supplier and hence, the supplier reduces the level of supply. The quantity demanded, as a result, does not satisfy and remains unchanged. In our case, the result of an increase in chicken feed prices will reduce the chicken output. Relating this to the Restaurant industry, the reduced supply of chicken will result in higher prices of chicken and eggs related cuisines like Burgers, Omelets, Sandwiches and most of the baked items like cakes. The equilibrium price in the restaurant industry for the foods containing eggs goes up due to the shift in t he demand curve. The equilibrium quantity, however, has shown a declining trend. The increment in feed cost moves the supply curve to the left. The reduced supply of chicken will lead to change in the price and demand of certain products. The price of all products in which chicken is used will go up and the quantity will also be reduced as shown in the figure above. Assuming Beef as a major substitute to chicken, it is obvious that with the rise in prices of chicken products, the demand for substitutes like beef-made products will rise. The demand curve shifts towards right (Krugman & Wells 2009). The consumer demand to have meat products will then be satisfied by the consumption of beef hence an increase in the demand for beef boosts up. The poultry industry will definitely be affected adversely due to the rise in