Monday, August 24, 2020

Who is More to Blame for the Murder of King Duncan?

In William Shakespeare’s Macbeth, the grievous legend or the incredible and righteous character, Macbeth is bound for destruction as he brings enduring and rout upon himself. In any case, this announcement can be generally far from being obviously true, the same number of would expect that Lady Macbeth additionally assumes a gigantic job in the homicide of Duncan, the start of the disaster. Right off the bat in the play, Macbeth experiences three witches or powerful creatures that prognosticate his future as the new King of Scotland. Fascinated by their predictions, Macbeth places confidence in their words.Macbeth’s spouse, Lady Macbeth, is instrumental in his aspiration, controlling him, as the two of them conspire for significance. Driven by the will to become King, Macbeth submits the homicide of the present King Duncan and persistently kills those that suspect him.He is directed to his own demolition as Macduff, a Scottish honorable, later slaughters him. Besides, a lbeit both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth can be viewed as blameworthy for the ruin of Macbeth or the deplorability of the play, Macbeth is more to fault because of his heartlessness, his goal-oriented wants, and his naã ¯ve character, which permit him to double-cross his own conscience.Macbeth’s aggressive character and his unquenchable desire for power drives him to change his temperament towards abhorrent beginning his sad destruction. After hearing the predictions of the witches, Macbeth quickly contemplates about the forecasts and makes a plan to kill the King. Macbeth expresses that the picture of Duncan, the current King’s passing â€Å"doth unfix my hair† (I. ii. 148) implying that this picture was too terrible to even consider evening envision. Right off the bat in the play, the witches just anticipated that he would become King yet it was Macbeth’s driven character that makes it to the following stride as he currently blossoms with the will to become King.Although the King’s passing was never referenced in the predictions, Macbeth plants the thought in his mind that the main path for him to become King, as the expectations expressed was to slaughter Duncan, which makes and shows his desire for power. Macbeth likewise makes reference to, â€Å"let not light observe my dark and profound desires† (I. iv. 58). This is another model wherein he presently concedes this dim character inside him, exhibiting that his valiant, daring character showed in the start of the play is gradually blurring endlessly or crumbling as his goal-oriented character takes over.Furthermore, by goodness of his legit character, Macbeth admits to himself of his â€Å"vaulting ambition† as he states, â€Å"I have no spike to prick the sides of my purpose, however just vaulting desire, which o’er jumps itself. † (I. vii. 25-27) These lines depict that Macbeth has no other explanation to slaughter Duncan aside from his powerful urges of needing to become King. Macbeth’s character as aspiring shows up again as even to the eyes of his significant other, is seen obviously as salacious for power. Woman Macbeth states â€Å"art not without ambition† broadcasting of his eager character.Macbeth’s desire is the main driver of his heartbreaking defeat as his desire for power drives him to kill which is the wrongdoing that puts his life in danger and starts his tumble from greatness. Macbeth as a man with strong ethics and a settled still, small voice permits himself to be controlled by other critical characters of the play, for example, the witches and Lady Macbeth. The witches show up in the play, each where they use evasion to confound and control or flash the characters in the play to lead an existence of evil.Their first appearance was before Banquo and Macbeth in which they acclaim him as they foresee his future as the following King. They realize that by calling him â€Å"King hereafter † (I. iii. 53) that it will make wants in his heart and they utilize these snappy expressions or these words put in mystery to control Macbeth to accomplish something that would procure him that title. Macbeth who has a still, small voice of his own, permits himself to make undesirable wants in his heart knowing admirably that persistence is a property that solitary the honorable obtain.Macbeth, before the finish of his first talk, settles on an official choice to not kill the King in light of the fact that in his perspective, â€Å"Duncan both brought into the world his resources so meek† (I. vii. 16-17) and it would be shamefulness to execute an equitable individual however later on alters his perspective as he permits his soul to be moved again by his better half, Lady Macbeth who addresses his masculinity to accomplish the force that they would get on the off chance that they murder Duncan. She states â€Å"If you durst do it, at that point you were a man† (I . vii. 56-57) as she attempts to persuade her better half to oblige Duncan’s murder.Foolishly, Macbeth permits her to adjust his perspective when he could have effortlessly declined demonstrating that he had his very own brain. The witches close to the finish of the play control Macbeth again, yet this time it was Macbeth who looked for their assistance hence pushing himself into more difficulty. An insightful individual would settle on the correct choice not to approach the inconvenient witches for help, however in Macbeth’s case, he manages this circumstance diversely as he is again effectively controlled into creating hubris, which prompts his destruction and his awful ending.Therefore, despite the fact that Macbeth had his very own heart and reserved the option to settle on his own choices, he permitted himself to be controlled by others, which in the long run prompts his own demise. Macbeth makes further mistakes in judgment following his offense of slaughtering D uncan as he carries out other significant violations, which every single encourage howdy destruction. For instance, the homicide of his companion, Banquo. Acting totally on his dread that Banquo’s children will become King and himself staying unrecognized, Macbeth chooses to execute both Banquo and his child, Fleance.Macbeth realized that he was under doubt for Duncan’s murder in this manner finishes up with these two motivations to slaughter a blameless man and his child. This is demonstrated through Macbeth’s explanation made in Act 3. Scene 2. Lines 41-42. Macbeth sets up his dread as he says that he is â€Å"full of scorpions in his mind†. Subsequently, this homicide was another factor or wrongdoing that drives him straightforwardly to his ruin. Another wrongdoing that Macbeth submits that is inexcusable was the point at which he killed a mother and a child.To exploit the circumstance, Macbeth executes Macduff’s family, which was an unfortunate scene as Macduff’s child passes on making sentiment in the audience’s heart and delineates Macbeth’s character as frantic or crazy. These killings depict his ruin as extraordinary for all the genuine sins Macbeth has submitted. Macbeth’s want for power, his numbness towards his own heart, and the further violations he carries out depict him as additional to fault over Lady Macbeth for his own defeat and death.Throughout the entire play, despite the fact that Lady Macbeth may appear as the manly character and the cerebrum behind the homicide of Duncan, she has a minor influence in Macbeth’s own wants and the further wrongdoings he freely submits that end in his destruction. Woman Macbeth is a huge character however isn't more to fault for each shocking legend brings his destiny upon himself. In this manner to finish up, Macbeth is more to fault for his own annihilation and languishing.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

How To Become a Straight-A Student Without Struggling Too Much

The most effective method to Become a Straight-A Student Without Struggling Too Much How to turn into a straight-An understudy? How to successfully oversee time and prevail with regards to concentrating without being affixed to a library? A great deal of understudies pose these inquiries. Be that as it may, very few of them really figure out how to discover replies as well as move information from hypothesis to rehearse. High evaluations open numerous entryways and give extraordinary chances. Getting straight As is about difficult work, control, and persistence. Yet, there are some lifehacks that will assist you with improving your contemplating procedure on your approach to higher evaluations. Look at the best tips on the most proficient method to score high while considering and keep up your public activity we accumulated for you. Deal with Your Time The best method to begin getting higher scores is sorting out your examining procedure. Booking your time may appear to be extreme from the start, yet it will pay off. The primary thing you have to comprehend is that quality issues more than amount. That is the reason being engaged while examining is the way to spare time and show signs of improvement results. Set up a standard to kill your TV, telephone and avoid some other diverting variables when examining. Appears to be excessively exhausting? Possibly. Be that as it may, you will see, that time you spend on one task will be radically decreased in light of this basic yet viable practice. The Pareto Principle Youve presumably found out about â€Å"80/20† standard or the Pareto rule. It expresses that 80% of impacts originate from 20% of causes. How might you utilize this standard in your time the board? Essentially, keep engaged and committed while concentrating as opposed to diverting on diversions. Reading without interruptions for one hour approaches 3 hours of concentrating with side exercises. It will build your efficiency during contemplating time and assist you with arriving at better outcomes while investing less energy. Get Organized with Online Tools There are a lot of online apparatuses and applications for sorting out your considering procedure in secondary school or school. For instance, there are numerous applications which permit you to utilize online calendars and notes, organizers, diaries, and stickers. It appears to be a superfluous misuse of cash, yet they really help. Plan your own arranging framework that will be reasonable and helpful to utilize. Keep all your talk notes in a single organizer and the entirety of your assignments in another envelope. Monitor the due dates and imprint them in your schedule †computerized or every day organizer. Along these lines, you will have the option to see the measure of work and cutoff times which will assist you with managing your time. Check your organizer consistently and make notes if necessary. Defining objectives or smaller than usual undertakings for a day and check day by day achievements at night is additionally an amazing strategy. Tips from a genuine straight-An understudy: Dont neglect to set updates at your work area for the most earnest undertakings. Along these lines, you can concentrate on the assignments with up and coming cutoff times and successfully deal with your time. Structure a Group to Study Together One of the most average examination strategies is concentrating in a gathering. Confronting challenges while getting your work done is certainly not an uncommon thing. That is the reason its extraordinary to have somebody who can clarify you something you havent trapped in class. Explaining happened inconveniences is a lot simpler when you have somebody to hold your back. Concentrating in a gathering is extremely useful for chaotic understudies. It serves to: conquer lethargy help inspiration get passing marks get in the correct state of mind for an investigation meeting Assemble your cohorts for doing schoolwork. You can meet at someones home or a cafã ©, online visit or video call. The best thoughts for the most part uncover in conversations. Mull over: Studying in bunches isn't for anybody. You should attempt this technique to make your own supposition about it. A few understudies feel their profitability diminishes in a gathering, and its simpler for them to center when theyre alone. See whether you are one of them. Dont Let Studying Stress You Out Numerous understudies face this regular difficulty †stress. It messes wellbeing up and makes concentrating much harder. In the event that you need to succeed and turn into the highest point of the class, its fundamental not to let pressure deal with your life. Adapting to nervousness isn't the least demanding activity, particularly during the finish of semester and finals. That is the reason we arranged a few hints for lessening pressure while considering or taking tests. Substitute Studying and Rest Normal and still overlooked exhortation is having a 8-hour rest. Its critical for your body and cerebrum to have rest following a profitable day and extreme mental work. Numerous understudies like to gathering and rest from 4 to 5 hours, which prompts poor efficiency, decreased center, and languor. In addition, it additionally prompts debilitating of the invulnerable framework, and one feels wiped out constantly. This isnt the most ideal approach to turn into a top understudy, isn't that so? Have a decent rest and let your mind rest as well. The unwinding strategies you should attempt are: yoga and contemplation knead tuning in to quieting music fragrance based treatment For whatever length of time that you keep your body solid and your cerebrum clear and sharp†you can succeed and concentrate on your contemplating. Quit Procrastinating Do you will in general defer composing a paper or test arrangement? This aggravates things even it. Being in a surge in light of up and coming cutoff times causes considerably more pressure and nervousness. That is the reason keeping your assignments accumulating isn't the best choice. Arrangement: Attempt to finish one little undertaking each day and break enormous assignments into little pieces and complete them individually. You will perceive that it is so gainful to comprehend that you have a great deal of time ahead till your due date and half-accomplished work as of now. Plan in advance and track the entirety of your deficient errands to ensure you dont miss any basic date or task. After you embrace these examination propensities, you will see that pressure leaves. 3 Ps You may have found out about Cal Newport and his blog with splendid tips for better examining. He effectively composed book arrangement about his profession and understudy life, which you can deservedly add to your inspirational books list. One of his splendid tips is the 3 P approach which you should utilize when feeling like your mind got away during tests and tests. It assists with avoiding nervousness and incorporates three stages: Arranging Continuing Editing Arranging The main thing you do when you get your assignments is flipping through them. Make a speedy arrangement of noting request, beginning with simpler inquiries. Plan your time and make speedy notes of the key purposes of your answers. Continuing The subsequent stage is continuing responding to questions beginning with the most straightforward ones. Along these lines, you will lessen the weight and deal with your time shrewdly, leaving sufficient opportunity to think on different subjects. It likewise assists with clearing your head and locate the correct answer. Editing The last advance is editing, and it takes around ten minutes. Right any slip-ups and mindfully rehash your answers. Wrapping Up Rest soundly, deal with your time and keep your head up. Dont overlook that high evaluations are not the primary concern in your life. Keeping a parity in your life is basic. Consider that information you get is substantially more significant than your evaluations. Dont penance your social correspondence and wellbeing so as to get straight As.

Saturday, July 25, 2020

How Much Time Do We Spend in Meetings (Hint Its Scary)

How Much Time Do We Spend in Meetings (Hint Its Scary) Let’s face it. I believe every single one of us has found themselves in one of the following situations:You found yourself wondering why you are in a meeting in a certain meeting and then reached for your phone to look at memes to avoid dying of boredom.You found yourself struggling to keep your eyes open as a boring speaker droned on and on in the boardroom about something you did not even understand.You found yourself discussing with colleagues about how dreadful and soul-sucking a meeting was.Almost everyone agrees that meetings are not a lot of fun. Yet, meetings constitute a large part of what we call work. Many people see meetings as a necessary evil, a sacrifice that employees have to make in order to keep the company alive.But have you ever taken the time to think about how much time is spent on meetings, and what overall effect they have on the company and its employees? (Hint: they do more harm than good)The facts and numbers around the time spent in meetings paint a scar y picture. Every single day, there are about 11 million meetings held on average every single day, with employees attending about 62 meetings every month, on average. And that is in US workplaces alone. The average middle level manager spends around 35% of their time in meetings.For those higher up the corporate ladder, this figure can go as high as 50%. That is more than 2 days a week being spent on meetings. According to a study by Bain Company, organizations spend about 15% of their time in meetings.As if all this time being spent on meetings is not enough, most people consider meetings to be unproductive. A whopping 37% of meetings are considered to be adding no value to the organization. A detailed look into what actually happens in meetings should be enough to leave you worried.According to this infographic, 91% of employees have daydreamed during a meeting, 39% have reported sleeping during a meeting, 45% have felt overwhelmed by the number of meetings they had to attend, 73 % have done other work during a meeting, and 47% of employees have complained that meetings are the number one time waster at the workplace.These numbers show that a lot of time is being spent on meetings that people would rather not attend and that do nothing to improve the bottom line of the company.Apart from boring employees to death, meetings could also be costing your organization in more ways than one.WHY TOO MANY MEETINGS ARE HURTING YOUR ORGANIZATION Most meetings are held because there is a belief that they held boost the organization’s productivity and vibrancy. However, they might be doing the complete opposite of that.Below are some ways in which meetings might be hurting your organization.They Are A Waste Of Time And MoneyHave you considered the amount of man hours meetings are taking from company time?Let’s assume that you just held a one hour meeting with 15 participants.In that one hour, you have already taken 15 man hours from the company. With several meetings being held each week, the numbers can quickly add up.When aggregated over the course of one year, the numbers become staggering. This does not even take into account the time spent preparing for these meetings.For instance, a May 2014 study found that the attendees of a certain company’s weekly executive committee spent 7000 man hours each year on the meeting, while their subordinates spent 300,000 man hours per year preparing for and supporting this weekly meeting.To find the monetary cost of an hour long meeting, estimate the average hourly rate of each of the attendees and multiply it by the number of attendees. For instance, if the average hourly rate of the attendees in a meeting is $50 and there are fifteen attendees, that means that the cost of the meeting to the organization is about $750.Using company in our example above, it would mean that the cost of the weekly executive meeting is $350,000, without taking into account the subordinates who spend their time preparing f or and supporting the meeting.When you consider that most meetings are rarely productive, matters become even bleaker. Research shows that across the United States, meetings that are not even necessary waste over $25 million every single day, or about $37 billion every year.This does not take into account the additional resources that might be required for a meeting, such as drinks and snacks.Opportunity CostThe amount of time and money wasted in meetings is compounded even further by opportunity cost. Every minute an employee spends in an unproductive meeting is a minute lost that could have been spent on something more important.Not only does the organization have to pay employees for the time they spent daydreaming and doodling in meetings, but it also loses out on the revenue that these employees would have brought in had they not been sitting in an unproductive meeting.Meetings Kill Productivity And CreativityMeetings are also one of the greatest killers of creativity and produ ctivity at the workplace.Let’s assume that you have four one hour meetings in a day, with each meeting scheduled an hour after the other.Technically, this means that you have four hours to attend meetings and four hours to concentrate on actual work. In reality, you have less than four hours to concentrate on actual work. Before every meeting, you might need about ten minutes to prepare yourself, pass through the bathroom, grab a cup of coffee, and so on.After the meeting, you will need another several minutes to go back to your desk and refocus on your work. This eats significantly into your actual working time.To make matters worse, this leaves you with about 30 minutes or so to work on something before having to leave for another meeting. This is not enough time to get into deep work â€" a term that describes the ability to concentrate on a task without distraction.If you are working on a cognitively demanding task, it might be difficult to get into the level of concentration r equired to do any meaningful work in thirty minutes.As a result, you might end up spending the time on less productive tasks such as answering your emails. In the end, you find that you have wasted a lot of time, in addition to the time wasted in the meetings.HOW TO STOP WASTING TIME IN MEETINGS It is already evident that meetings might be doing more harm than good to your organization.The question is, what can you do it?Below are tips on how you can avoid wasting time on meetings and make meetings more productive.Ask Yourself If The Meeting Is NecessaryA lot of meetings are actually not necessary. For instance, I have noticed that most sales and business development meetings often require the attendees to go over their activity for the previous period of time. What they did, who they met, what they achieved, and so on.If there are six people in a meeting and each of them takes about ten minutes to review their activity, that is an hour already spent in the meeting. Would it not hav e been easier for everyone to send a report of their activity via email?Before calling for a meeting, it is important to consider the purpose of the meeting. What outcome is expected at the end of the meeting? Can this outcome be achieved another way. If you find it hard to define the expected outcome of a meeting, this is a clear sign that the meeting is not necessary.If the outcome can be achieved in another easier or better way, this is another sign that the meeting is not necessary. For instance, if the purpose of a meeting is to update the team on progress, would it not be easier to share progress reports via email?If the purpose of the meeting is to get the opinions of others before making a decision, would it not be easier to send a poll via email instead of calling for a meeting?As a rule of thumb, you should avoid scheduling status report meetings. Meetings should be dedicated to brainstorming, collaboration, sharing creative ideas to resolve challenges, or making decisions . If the purpose of a meeting is to review past or existing information, then the meeting is not necessary. While reviewing existing information is important, it should not be the sole purpose of a meeting. It should be used as a foundation for discussing the way forward.A good way of determining whether a meeting is really necessary is to ask yourself what would happen if the meeting was cancelled. If you realize that your colleagues do not care if the meeting is cancelled, or if there is another way to accomplish the purpose of the meeting, this shows that the meeting is not really necessary, and you should consider cancelling it.However, if your co-workers demand for the meeting to be rescheduled, then this is a clear sign that the meeting is actually necessary.Manage The Invite ListHave you ever been in a meeting only to realize that the meeting has degenerated into a series of ‘mini meetings’ where only two or three employees are fully engaged at a time while everyone else doodles on their notebooks or checks their phones?This is a sign that some of the attendees might actually not be required in the meeting.Very often, meeting organizers invite too many people to the meeting in an attempt at inclusion. While collaboration is important, not everyone needs to attend a meeting.Many of those required to attend do not actually add anything to the meeting. Doing so not only wastes time for them, but also for the attendees whose input is required at the meeting. If you want your meetings to waste less time and become more productive, you should be very strict about the people you invite to a meeting.Go through the list and check what each person brings to the meeting. If someone does not have an important contribution to the meeting, strike them out. If the outcome of the meeting does not directly impact them, they have no business being there. If they can spend the time doing something more productive, leave them out of the meeting.If you cannot verbalize why someone needs to be there, they probably shouldn’t be. Instead of calling every team member to the meeting, why not have the manager attend the meeting while the rest of the team keeps working? The manager can then relay the outcome of the meeting to the team.A good idea is to borrow a leaf from Amazon founder Jeff Bezos’ book. If the people invited to a meeting cannot be fed by two large pizzas, Jeff Bezos concludes that there are too many people in the meeting and cancels it. This is because the more the number of people in a meeting, the bigger the opportunity for disengagement, distraction and wasted time.A meeting should only include the key players who are required to make decisions. Actually, according to Stanford professor and researcher Bob Sutton, the ideal number of members for a productive meeting is 7.Managing the invite does not only apply when you are organizing a meeting. It should also apply when you are invited to a meeting. Receiving an invitation to a mee ting does not automatically mean that you have to attend the meeting. Check the agenda of the meeting and the other attendees. Do you feel like you can add some value to the meeting?If not, get in touch with the host and find out why they want you at the meeting. If you find that you have nothing meaningful to contribute to or gain from the meeting, do not be afraid to decline the invitation.Set An AgendaOne of the major factors that contribute to unproductive meetings is lack of an agenda for the meeting. According to Garton and Mankins of Bain Co, about a third of meetings do not have an agenda, and majority of meetings do not distribute agendas to attendees in advance. Why is an agenda so important?An agenda sets clear boundaries around the topics that need to be discussed during the meeting. It outline the topics that will be covered in the meeting, the materials needed, the desired outcome of the meeting and the start and stop time.Without an agenda guiding the discussion, a m eeting can easily go off track and degenerate into ramblings, side conversations and random topics â€" all of which lead to wastage of time and unproductivity in the meeting.Having an agenda also makes it easier for you to determine who needs to be invited to the meeting. The agenda should be distributed well in advance of the meeting in order to give people adequate time to prepare for the meeting.One mistake that most meeting organizers make when setting an agenda is to try to accomplish too much in a single meeting. Lumping everything together in one meeting wastes people’s time and creates chaos.People in the finance department might not be interested in learning what the IT department is doing. Instead of having a general meeting where you cover so much, it is much better to hold several short meetings with different teams. This way, you avoid wasting employees’ time discussing things that are not relevant to them.Once you set an agenda for the meeting, make sure that you s tick to it. If you notice that the conversation is straying beyond the agenda of the meeting, steer it back on track.Don’t be overly polite to people who hijack the meeting with their own agendas, since this will only make the meeting unproductive and lead to wastage of time.Share Review Materials In AdvanceAnother thing that leads to wastage of time in meetings is going through and reviewing reports and knowledge material during the meeting. The meeting should be focused on making decisions and achieving the desired outcome, not discovering new knowledge.If there is any material the participants need to review, it should be shared a few days in advance.This gives them enough time to go through the material and prepare for the discussion. As you send the material, make it clear to the participants that they are required to have gone through the material before the meeting.You should also be prepared to give a highlight of the key takeaways from the material for those who might not have had time to go through the material. With everyone aware of what is covered in the material, the meeting can now be focused on a productive discussion and making decisions on the way forward.Schedule Shorter MeetingsHumans have a round number bias. We like whole, round numbers and try to avoid uneven random numbers. For instance, you are more likely to tell someone to give you 5, 10, 15, or 30 minutes instead of 8, 17, or 23 minutes.This also affects how we schedule meetings. You might have noticed that most meetings are usually scheduled in 30 minute or one hour chunks. Even if the agenda of a meeting can be handled in 20 minutes, there is a high chance that the time set aside for the meeting will be 30 minutes or one hour.There is one problem with this. If a meeting is scheduled for one hour, people will find a way to fill that time, even if the decision can be reached in 40 minutes. Think of it like buying a house.If you buy a bigger house, you will eventually fill it with stuff, regardless of how much space you have. If a meeting is scheduled for 30 minutes yet the decision can be reached in 10 minutes, people will find something to fill the remaining 20 minutes, and you can bet that the filler conversation will not be productive.To avoid this, you should start scheduling shorter meetings based on what needs to be accomplished in the meeting, instead of rounding off the time to the nearest hour.If the meeting can accomplish its purpose in 20 minutes, schedule 20 minutes for it and let the participants know that the meeting will end on time. Once you start doing this, you will notice that you will start wasting less time in meetings.Plan Meetings In ClustersI mentioned earlier that meetings reduce productivity by breaking the day into chunks of time that are not long enough for someone to do any meaningful work.To avoid this, it is a good idea to cluster meetings together. For instance, you might encourage people to hold meetings either early in the m orning or towards the end of the day. This ensures that employees have large blocks of time where they can focus on their work without interruptions.Alternatively, you can come up with certain blocks of work time where no meetings are to be held. Scheduling meetings back-to-back also forces people to start and end meetings on time, leading to less time wasted.Ban Phones And Laptops From MeetingsHow many times have you seen a colleague checking their phone or laptop during a meeting? People have already gotten used to the notion that meetings are boring, and they therefore rely on their gadgets to save them in case the meeting becomes boring.Unfortunately, using your phone or laptop during a meeting sends the message that whatever you are doing on your phone is more important than the meeting, in which case you don’t need to be in the meeting in the first place.In addition, being on your phone or laptop distracts you and keeps you from giving your best contribution to the meeting. To prevent this, you should consider introducing the no-device policy to your meetings.End With A Clear PlanRemember, we said that a meeting should have a desired outcome. Once you achieve that outcome, you should end the meeting with a clear plan on what needs to be done and who needs to do it.No one should leave the meeting without a clear idea of the next action points. If people leave a meeting without a clear idea of what needs to happen next, that is an indicator that the meeting was a waste of time â€" it might as well not have happened.Finally, you should avoid ending a meeting with plans to hold another meeting to follow up on progress of the previous meeting. Find other ways of communicating the progress.WRAPPING UPOrganizations are holding way too many meetings which waste a lot of time and money without any solid outcome for the organization.To avoid this, organizations should ensure that meetings are actually necessary before scheduling them, that only the right people are attending the meeting, that there is an agenda for the meeting, and that any review material are shared well in advance.In addition, they should schedule shorter meetings, schedule the meetings in clusters, ban gadgets from meetings, and ensure that each meeting ends with a clear plan of action.

Friday, May 22, 2020

An Annotated Bibliography Of Jane Austen s Pride And...

Going Against the Societal Norm in Pride and Prejudice: An Annotated Bibliography Thesis: Throughout the text of Pride and Prejudice, Jane Austen challenges gender and social norms in the Georgian Era through the development of Elizabeth Bennet as she interacts with characters in the novel. Greenfield, Susan C. THE ABSENT-MINDED HEROINE: OR, ELIZABETH BENNET HAS †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦A THOUGHT. Eighteenth - Century Studies, vol. 39, no. 3, 2006, pp. 337-350,419-420, †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Arts Humanities Database, †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.id=13217. â€Å"Susan Greenfield.† FordhamUniversity, 2017, †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ This article analyzes the development of Elizabeth Bennet†¦show more content†¦Austen portrayed women as highly-dependent on males. She received her BA at Brown University where she continues to research gender studies while analyzing Eighteenth century novels most importantly Jane Austen. She is the author of many novels regarding gender roles and women’s rights in general. Her articles have been featured in many Eighteenth century journals. Based on her educational background, her knowledge on gender roles in the 18th century is very extensive and very resourceful, so the information listed in the source seems to be accurate. The thesis statement above attempts to examine the role that Elizabeth Bennet plays in the novel as she goes against the women’s idealistic views. This article will help justify my thesis statement in how Greenfield expresses the oppression that women go through and how they lack to see the discrimination they are faced with daily. Kruger, Daniel J., et al. PRIDE AND PREJUDICE OR FAMILY AND FLIRTATION? JANE †¦.AUSTEN S DEPICTION OF WOMEN S MATING STRATEGIES. Philosophy and †¦.Literature, vol. 38, no. 1, 2014, pp. A114-A128, Arts Humanities Database, †¦.†¦.d=13217. â€Å"Daniel J, Kruger.† TheConversation, 2010, This article analyzes the way Austen portrays women in her novels. Kruger mentions that Jane Austen’s work is often deprived by the

Friday, May 8, 2020

Assignment 50 Enable Rights And Choices Of Individuals...

Level 3 Diploma in Health and Social Care (Adults) for England (QCF) Assignment 50: Unit 50: Enable rights and choices of individuals with dementia whilst minimising risks Learning Outcome 1: Understand key legislation and agreed ways of working that support the fulfilment of rights and choices of individuals with dementia while minimising risk of harm 1.1 What is the impact of the Mental Health Act, and the Mental Incapacity Act (Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards) on individuals who are living with the experience of dementia; with regards to minimising the risks of harm whilst at the same time enabling rights and choices for the individual? These acts and safe guards are put in place to prevent vulnerable adults with dementia†¦show more content†¦Living with dementia can be overwhelming, stressful and emotional. There is a lot to take in, appointments and assessments to attend, sorting out what support you are entitled to, care preparation, wishes and preferences. Every day is different and brings a new challenge, depending on how the dementia sufferer is feeling that day, they could be angry, still in shock of the diagnoses, sleep or food deprivation causes fatigue and hunger. Their routine or activities for that day may have been slightly changed causing upset and frustration, e.g. new nurses, GP or carers. There are many types of dementia, causing many different symptoms and treatments, it may take time to find the appropriate treatment/medication to suit the individual. When all the legal stuff is done, help/support is in place you find the individual to be relieved, coping a little better, quality of life is better due to eating and sleeping more. All of these reasons might make a person with dementia fluctuate on day to day decisions. Learning Outcome 3: Be able to involve carers and others in supporting individuals with dementia 3.2 Give an example of where you have balanced the rights and choices requested by an individual living with the experience of dementia to resolve a conflict. My own experience of resolving a conflict whilst balancing the rights and choices of an individual living with

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Cairn Energy Strategic Analysis Free Essays

INTRODUCTION Cairn Energy Plc (â€Å"Cairn†) is an Edinburgh based publicly traded Oil Gas Exploratory Production (EP) company dealing primarily within its operated assets in India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Greenland (Cairn, 2009). Major products sold are crude oil and natural gas, produced from both offshore and onshore drilling blocks (Hoovers, 2009b). Cairn was founded in 1984 by Sir Bill Gammell with initial operations in theUS. We will write a custom essay sample on Cairn Energy Strategic Analysis or any similar topic only for you Order Now Following its IPO in 1988, Cairn is now publicly traded on the London Stock Exchange with 2008 revenues of $299.3 million and operating profit of $440.9 million – due to sales of assets and financing profit (Cairn, 2009). BUSINESS SEGMENTS Cairn’s businesses are divided broadly into two segments namely: Cairn Energy Plc holds a controlling interest of 62.39% in Cairn India. Since its first oil major oil discovery in the Rajasthan fields of 2004, which was the biggest exploratory discovery in India since 1985, Cairn has focused exclusively on the acquisition of oil blocks and continuing exploration in the country (Cairn Financial Report, 2009). Capricorn Oil Group is Cairn’s exploratory division that primarily focuses on the exploration of undiscovered oil fields, and is 90% owned by Cairn. Capricorn’s primary focus is on India and the discovery of new oil fields in the country. However Capricorn currently owns exploratory lease-agreements to 7 oil-blocks in Greenland, which are currently pending regulatory approval for oil production (Cairn Financial Report, 2009). PESTEL The following table is a macro economical analysis of how political, economical, socio-cultural, technological, environmental and legal factors affect the exploration and production (EP) industry. The extent to which these factors affect the EP industry is outlined on a cognitive rating scale from -2 to +2. -2 represents a strong negative effect, while +2 represents a strong positive effect on the EP industry operating within those regions. FACTORSEFFECT ON INDUSTRYLEVEL OF EFFECT Political Governments of oil producing nations are very involved in the exploration and production of oil and gas in their countries (Bindemann, 1999)EP companies would have to subject themselves to government processes in order to gain access to production sharing agreements that enables them to explore and produce oil within their territory (Cairn, 2009)-1 Geopolitical developments and violence in some countries makes it unsuitable and very risky for foreign investments in exploration and production of oil and gas.The industry is subject to risky geopolitical violence, as oil installations are usually terrorist targets (Cairn, 2009). Companies have to pay high insurance premiums in order to secure their investments against such activities.-2 Economical There is increasing competition amongst international governments seeking foreign investments in EP.These industries, especially foreign oil companies, enjoy tax breaks and favourable corporate conditions such as incentives when looking to enter into countries such as India, Nigeria and Bangladesh (Rigzone, 2009)+2 Oil prices are determined by market factors such as the demand and supply in international markets (Proactive Investors, 2009).Inability to determine prices, poses a severe risk especially in times of low oil prices. Higher oil prices however results in greater than normal profits in the EP markets (Cairn, 2009). EP companies posted record profits in 2008 due to oil prices that went as high as $150 per barrel. However the inverse would be the case in the advent of a very low oil price (WSJ, 2009)-1 Socio-Cultural Climate change discoveries have led to a change in lifestyle towards carbon efficient products in most developed countries (Hoovers, 2009)The change in lifestyle indirectly affects EP companies as it may reduce dependence on oil and gas products over the long run.-1 CSR is increasingly becoming a method for large national and multinational companies to appease local communities where they operate (Cairn, 2009).EP companies are not as effective in their CSR policies, in proportion with the level of pollution they create. They are greatly unpopular amongst locals.-2 Technological Innovative exploratory and drilling technology, such as 3d seismic processing, modelling and sophisticated plant designs are increasingly becoming pre-requisites for successful oil drilling (Saic, 2009).These technologies make it easier for EP companies to discover much more oil than they would have decades ago. Thereby increasing the likelihood of oil find, and higher returns on investment in exploration activities (Marketwatch, 2009).+2 Shifting attitude towards energy efficient technologies such as hybrid vehicles, electric and wind technologies are increasingly becoming the norm amongst the global public and the energy industry (Chicago Tribune, 2009).Global oil companies would need to adapt their strategy and start investing in renewable energy resources. EP companies face the threat of a drop in demand for oil and gas, over the coming decades.-1 Environmental Increased exploratory activities and global warming has facilitated oil discovery in previously unexploited territories (Reuters, 2009).Foreign oil companies, investing in new technology and territories like Greenland and India, are in a better position to reap these benefits (Energy Digital, 2009).+2 EP activities result in carbon emissions that pose a serious threat to environmental sustainability.EP companies face embargoes from national governments and international bodies that limit the level of their exploratory activities and the level at which they can expand their activities. They are also subject to extra taxation costs from national governments due to environmental pollution (Herald Scotland, 2009)-2 Legal Oil producing countries in which foreign oil companies operate impose legal limitations and embargoes on their activities, and also limit their business flexibilities.The limitations and embargoes imposed greatly limit the growth potential of exploration and production companies operating globally (Economic Times, 2009).-2 Policy uncertainties and government breach of contract are increasingly becoming popular in some developing countries where foreign oil companies are seeking to build and develop their assets such as India and Bangladesh.EP companies operating in these markets, such as Reliance Industries and Cairn Energy in India, need to engage in legal battles with the government in order to get contractual obligations fulfilled (Economic Times, 2009).-2 SUCCESS AND SURVIVAL FACTORS IN THE EP INDUSTRY The overall threat to the exploration and production industry, as a whole, is huge globally. Therefore any company in the industry seeking to gain competitive advantage against competitors, and survive in times of hardship – which may be caused by a drastic drop in oil prices, or severe terrorist activities – must adhere to these success and survival factors. KEY FACTORS FOR SUCCESS Government support through international trade agreements, tax incentives, beneficial fiscal policies, and suitable bidding processes are very essential for foreign oil companies seeking to explore and produce oil (Datamonitor, 2009). These benefits give these companies the impetus to explore for oil in recently unexplored territory, and increase the likelihood of an oil and gas find. EP projects are usually very capital intensive; therefore oil and gas companies need to have access to funds in order to partake in such expenditure (The New Nation, 2009). These funds usually range from a few millions to a couple of billion dollars, therefore access and availability is thoroughly essential for bidding, drilling, production or even transportation activities. Strategic alliances between oil and gas companies are essential globally as it enables them to transfer assets and leverage resources amongst different projects, so as to capitalize on a broader geographical location and resource base (Hoovers, 2009b). The competitive rivalry in the EP industry is therefore minimal by the need for these strategic alliances, enabling competing companies to hedge and share risks. Successful oil discoveries are however the main determinants of success for EP companies (Datamonitor, 2009). Non-oil bearing blocks are highly unprofitable for exploration companies. India and Greenland, where Cairn currently has the majority of its assets are poised to be largely promising countries, as major oil discoveries and production have already been reported. Greenland is also stated to contain 20% of the world’s oil reserves thereby making it a very profitable investment for Cairn and other indigenous oil companies, if that assumption holds true. The global forces of demand and supply determine oil prices, therefore oil prices move in accordance to global need. Higher oil prices, such as was in 2008, was very beneficial for oil companies as it significantly increases their profit margins and leads to increased exploratory activities (Wall Street Journal, 2009). The Availability of buyers is essential for EP companies seeking to produce oil in large quantities and sell at a profitable price. Sometimes the government determines the buyers who an EP company can sell to, such as is in India, and this reduces their chances for competitive bargaining. Exploratory licenses are wholly dependent on EP companies successfully bidding for leasing agreements (Bindemann, 1999). Inability to win leasing contracts would incapacitate the growth potential of the industry. Profitability of EP activities is dependent on the success rate of new oil wells drilled and the ability to increase production from existing wells. Capital availability and investment decisions are based on estimates on future oil prices (Hoovers, 2009). Large oil manufacturers usually hedge against risk of exploration failures by investment in several oil producing states with large oil reserves, so a depletion of one reserve does not seriously impact on the company’s general business (Hoovers, 2009b). SURVIVAL FACTORS Continuous availability of oil and gas resources in the natural reserves of the country being explored. The availability and access to large capital, though also a success factor, is a survival factor. EP companies that are unable to form strategic alliances or gain access to large funds would be incapacitated during large capital-intensive projects that could boost their fortunes. They also need capital in order to gain exploration licenses from the government, before they could even begin producing or shipping oil or gas. Lack of detrimental geopolitical factors such as terrorist activities that specifically target oil and gas installations in their vicinities. An example would be of exploration companies that are usually being subject to local terrorist activities in Nigeria, Iraq and Bangladesh. High oil prices in global markets, which would ensure that exploration and production companies, investing a huge amount of capital in their businesses, would be able to break even as the oil prices in international markets determines the profit they make as businesses. Prolonged global dependence on oil and gas products would ensure that demand for these products are still high. A divergence towards renewable energy source such as solar, wind and biological energy would reduce global dependence on non-renewable petroleum products, thereby stalling demand for such products in coming decades. Adopting technologies that would make exploration and production processes more environmentally efficient would go a long way in appeasing international bodies who are bent upon imposing several climate related levies and taxies on the EP industry. These taxes and levies would severely impact profits and growth potential into new markets such as Greenland, which is bent on preserving its ecosystem. REFERENCES ABC News (2008) Greenland the focus of global oil hunt,, (date accessed 07/10/2009) Bindemann, K. (1999) Production-Sharing Agreements: An Economic Analysis. Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. WPM 25 Cairn Financial Report (2009), Half-Yearly Report 2009,, (accessed 08/10/2009) Cairn (2009) Cairn: About Us,, (accessed: 06/10/2009) Chicago Tribune (2009) Cheap oil, but at what cost, (date accessed 06/10/2009) Datamonitor (2009) Oil Gas Exploration Production Industry Profile: Global,, (accessed 08/10/2009) Economic Times (2009) India’s Oil and Gas story – The turning point,, (date accessed 07/10/2009) EnergyDigital (2008a) Cairn Energy to lead commercial oil production inGreenland., (date accessed 8/10/2009) EnergyDigital (2008b) Chevron and Cairn sign with Bangladesh., (date accessed 8/10/2009) Herald Scotland (2009) Profitable oil deal by Cairn subsidiary boost shares,, (date accessed 08/10/2009) Hindustan Times (2009) – Deora to review safety of Oil and Gas sites,, (accessed 09/10/2009) Hoovers (2009a) Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Industry,, (date accessed: 06/10/2009) Hoovers (2009b) – Cairn Energy Plc, (date accessed 06/10/2009) Marketwatch (2009) Cairn Energy swings to loss after charge, MarketWatch:Energy, Oct2009, Vol. 8 Issue 10, p10-11, 2p Proactive Investors UK (2009) Crude Oil Rebounds, Dragon Oil, Petrofac andCairn respond., (date accessed 08/10/2009) Reuters (2009) India expects joint foreign/local energy bids., (date accessed: 7/10/2009) Rigzone (2009) Tough time for India Licensing Round,,(accessed 09/10/2009) Saic (2009) Exploration Production. (date accessed:08/10/2009) Wall Street Journal (2009) Lower costs give oil firms breathing room,, (date accessed 07/10/2009) How to cite Cairn Energy Strategic Analysis, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Surrealism Essays - Dada, Art Movements, Modern Artists,

Surrealism pure psychic automatism intended to express the true process of thought free from the exercise of reason and from any aesthetic or moral purpose mister sands / hmw oao jem coones art to the observer is an obsession art to the artist is an addiction few groups in the 20th century have been as influential as the surrealists. surrealism came at a time of dramatic upheaval, both historically and culturally, and grew to encompass all forms of art, wether it be drama, literature, painting, photography or cinema. indeed, their influence was so great that echoes of the breakthroughs made by such seers as breton, artaud, man ray, and dali can still be heard today. surrealism rose from the ashes of the defunct dada movement -- which itself was an inhuman artistic reaction against the inhuman world of world war one. as with all movements motivated by rage, dada burned out quickly, and many of it's leaders -- notably andre breton -- went on to embrace the new surrealist movement. disillusioned by on one hand "the cold and insubstantial remains of art and literature, and on the other the scorching analytical specifications of the exact sciences," surrealists were dedicated to, in breton's words "pure psychic automatism intended to express the true process of thought free from the exercise of reason and from any aesthetic or moral purpose". as strongly influenced by the psychoanalytical ideas of freud, which at that time were gaining prominence, as it was by the deconstructionalism of dada, surrealism emerged as an organized movement at the beginning of the 1920's, a period marked by "the confused and inert stupefaction of a collective bourgeois existence dedicated to nothing less than the mustiness of the balance sheet." surrealism emerged not just as a reaction to this bourgeois complacency, but as an attempt to create art that was closer to the reality of human existence. in every form, surrealism succeeded admirably in obtaining this goal, as can be plainly seen from the works of their greatest members: antonin artaud, man ray, and salvador dali. any study of 20th century theatre and literature would be incomplete without mention of antonin artaud, the man who revolutionized the very concept of theatre. in the pages of his incredibly influential 1937 treatise the theatre and it's double, artaud aimed to transform the stage into a "sacred ground", wherein the emotions and fury of both the performers and audience could somehow be purged. this concept of theatre as a religious act, dubbed the "theatre of cruelty", was without doubt his highest achievement, but he is also well known for his poetry and essays, particularly van gogh the man suicided by society -- a stunning indictment of a society that destroys it's most exquisite and ethereal talent. the art of photography is a relatively new one, and given the surrealists' hatred of the "old and outdated", it was only natural for them to dabble in this new medium. although a number of photographers achieved great success (names such as brassai spring to mind), the most successful was surely man ray, who, aside from his fascinating character studies, mastered the complex surrealist concept of the poetic image -- a principle best described by the visionary surrealist-before-his-time lautreamont, who spoke of "the accidental meeting of an umbrella and an accordion on the operating table". man ray juxtaposed such diverse objects as guns and lightbulbs, nudes and alphabet blocks, to create a new logic that was the essence of surrealism. while man ray's photography may have expressed the truest vision of surrealism, for most people the movement is defined by one man, the illustrious catelan; salvador dali. through acclaimed mainly for his paintings -- his style must surely be one of the most distinctive and recognizable of all artists -- dali also produced a number of books of both essays and poetry, a single novel entitled hidden faces, and the film in collaboration with luis bunuel that took breton's statement that "the simplest surrealist act consists of dashing into the street, pistol in hand, and firing blindly, as fast as you can pull the trigger, into the crowd" to task. the film, un chien andalou, caused a riot at it's premiere -- due in part to the drunken antics of, among others, dali and artaud -- and heralded other surrealist films such as artaud's 1924 masterpiece, the clergymen and the seashell. dali's name was to become synonymous with art that shocks, disturbs, and challenges perceptions. works such as the persistence of memory, sleep, and autumn cannibalism are